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APA Referencing

Citing sources in APA format

References: Formatting for Different Types of Sources

The formatting and the type of  information in a reference tells the reader how and where to find the source.


The format for the author and date in all references is same no matter where the information being referenced is from. The only exception is where an organization is the author or there is no individual as author (e.g., corporate reports or webpages). 

However, the format for the information that follows the publication date in a reference is different for each type of source. For example, the reference format for a book provides different bibliographic information than an article found in a library database.

When you become more familiar with APA referencing, you will be able to tell the difference between an edited book and a journal article just by looking at the reference. The tabs on the left side of this page provide formatting guides for each type of source that you might use in your assignments. 


Watch this 6-minute video that is Part 1 of a two part series on APA 7th edition references.

OWLPurdue. (2020, December 1). APA 7th edition: References -- Part 1 [Video]. YouTube.

Watch this 8-minute video that is Part 2 of a two part series on APA 7th edition references.

OWLPurdue. (2020, December 3). APA 7th edition: References -- Part 2 [Video]. YouTube.

Watch this 7-minute video about using to find DOI numbers.

Click here or on the image to access the video in D2L.

More videos on in-text citations and creating a references list (click here).

LCGuide with Video for APA Format for Reference Page (click here).



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