Skip to Main Content

APA Referencing

Citing sources in APA format

Personal Communication

If you are citing a personal interview, class discussion or notes, or form of communication between you and another person, use the following format for your citation. Because personal communications cannot be retrieved by your reader, they are not listed on the references page. This citation format is also used for documents found on corporate intranet (see Reports from Corporate Intranet).

Narrative Citation

C. Symes emphasized the importance of reflective writing for nursing students (personal communication, April 2, 2018) .

Parenthetical Citation

Reflective writing is important for nursing students (C. Symes, personal communication, April 2, 2018).

References List

Personal communications are not listed on the References page because they cannot be retrieved by the general public.


American Psychological Association. (2019). Personal communications

Was this page helpful?
yes: 0 votes (0%)
no: 0 votes (0%)
Total Votes: 0