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UCQ

APA Referencing

Citing sources in APA format

Pattern 3: With Introductory Phrase

Signal phrase (with citation), + paraphrased or quoted text

In this pattern, the in-text citation is placed in a signal phrase that comes before the paraphrased or quoted text. The text must be an independent clause with both a subject and verb.

Examples

According to __________________ (YYYY), + paraphrased or quoted text.

a) According to Watson (1985), nursing is oriented towards humanistic values that are demonstrated through the art of caring.*

As ___________ (YYYY) + reporting verb, + paraphrased or quoted text.

b) As Watson (1985) has noted, nursing is oriented towards humanistic values that are demonstrated through the art of caring.*

Source for example sentences

*Gazza, E. A., & Hunker, D. F. (2012). Facilitating scholarly writer development: The writing scaffold. Nursing Forum, 47(4), 278-285. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6198.2012.00275.x