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Open Access and Publishing

A guide to help you with publishing your research.

Open Data

The World Bank define open data as (2022)

Data or content is open if anyone is free to use, re-use or redistribute it, subject at most to measures that preserve provenance and openness.

There are two major dimensions to data openness. They are

  • Data is legally open and is available for public access with no or minimal restriction
  • Data is technically open, making it accessible and usable through freely available software tools.

Governments and organizations around the world are trying to make data freely available for increasing transparency and improving scholarly output and collaboration.

Here is an LC guide to some of the popular OpenData repositories.

Open Science

The UNESCO (2017) defines open science as 

an inclusive construct that combines various movements and practices aiming to make multilingual scientific knowledge openly available, accessible and reusable for everyone, to increase scientific collaborations and sharing of information for the benefits of science and society, and to open the processes of scientific knowledge creation, evaluation and communication to societal actors beyond the traditional scientific community.

Why Open Science?

  • promote accurate verification of scientific results
  • increase re-use of scientific materials and reduce duplication of material collection
  • increase productivity
  • contribute to great innovation and citizen engagement

How to engage in Open Science?

There are various channels and tools available for you to be part of the open science Kramer et al. (2018) publishes a rainbow of open science practices

Interested in reading more?

Open Science Framework(OSF)

This is a free, open platform to support research and collaboration. The platform provides an opportunity to browse through public research data, materials, and other information by authors or discipline 

Organisation for EconomicCo-operation and Development (OECD)

OECD has been at the forefront of open science and published a recommendation on Access to research data from public funding in January 2021.  OECD also provide you access to reports and policy notes pertaining to open science.

Kramer, Bianca, & Bosman, Jeroen. (2018, January). Rainbow of open science practices. Zenodo.

Citizen Science

The Oxford Languages define Citizen Science as 

the collection and analysis of data relating to the natural world by members of the general public, typically as part of a collaborative project with professional scientists.

Citizen Science promotes active public involvement in scientific research. Citizen science engages and accelerates crowdsourcing in research and innovation. 

TED Talk on Citizen Science

Candian Portal of Citizen Science 

Information on science projects and science experiments happening in your community that people can get involved in.

United States Portal of Citizen Science

Resource helping federal agencies accelerate public participation