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UCQ uses the Gibbs Model.

When to Reflect

Reflection is often done when healthcare practitioners try to

  • make sense of conflicting ideas;
  • form new understanding of past ideas, knowledge, and experience based on new information; or
  • understand a challenging situation.

These situations are often due to gaps related to a client, one’s self, or the healthcare system.


Reflection can be applied to and is valuable in application to any event that is seen as critical.

An event is seen as critical when it stands out in your mind. This is a sign that it is important to you and deserves critical reflection.


Regardless of the reason for reflection, reflection on and in all aspects of practice allows healthcare practitioners come to deeper, more critical, understandings.