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Medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body ( Source: Oxford English Dictionary)

Explaining drugs...

A substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or a substance, other than food, intended to affect the structure or function of the body.

Edward and Axe introduced the 10 ‘R’s of drug administration to nurses. The 10 ‘Rs’ uphold all possible scenario of drug administration which include "...need for the knowledge of the causes of drug errors, how to implement strategies to reduce drug errors, how to ensure safe practice throughout the medication journey, from chemical preparation, to monitoring outcomes, to response" (2015).

What is Medication Reconciliation?

A formal procedure in which healthcare providers coordinate with patients and families to ensure accurate and complete medication information transfer at interfaces of care. This helps to eliminate adverse drug events (ADEs) at all interfaces of care.

What is Adverse Drug Events (ADE)?

An injury caused from medical intervention related to drug(s). This may includes medication errors, adverse reactions, allergic reactions, and overdoses.


Edwards, S., & Axe, S. (2015). The 10 'R's of safe multidisciplinary drug administration. Nurse Prescribing, 13(8), 398-406. Retrieved from