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Evidence-based Practice (EBP)

Answer basic questions to improve your practice.

Level 4. Syntheses: Systematic Reviews

"A synthesis or systematic review is a comprehensive summary of all the research evidence related to a focused clinical question." (DiCenso et al., 2009)


  • A research study design that draws conclusions by analyzing all the single studies conducted on a topic 
  • The most common are: Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (like SR but uses statistics to draw conclusions from research).


  • Longer in length (10-15 pages, average)
  • Includes many references
  • Methodology will discuss the search strategy used - which databases, what keywords, limiters... 
  • Study of many studies on a topic


Level 4 examples - see Level 3 examples for synopses of the first two reviews